Non Disclosure Agreement

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What is a Non Disclosure Agreement?

A confidentiality agreement, also known as a non-disclosure agreement, is a legally binding contract that prevents companies and individuals from disclosing confidential information. It is used to protect confidential information such as trade secrets, technical data, intellectual property, confidential business strategies, financial data, customer lists, pricing information and other proprietary company documents. The agreement creates an obligation of secrecy between two or more parties who intend to share confidential information with each other in order to facilitate the purchase or sale of a business.

How to use the confidentiality agreement template? 

Simply download the template, fill in the missing information and sign. Now you can go further while being sure that the information shared will be protected.

Who can use a confidentiality agreement?

You are an acquirer / personal buyer interested in taking over a company, whether through own financing or with the support of an investment fund via an LBO, or on the contrary you are a seller and are looking to sell your company: no matter on which side you are, the confidentiality agreement is for you. Our confidentiality agreement is valid for small companies as well as for large groups, subsidiaries and holding companies.

They can be signed between business partners, customers, sellers and buyers, and are designed to ensure the protection of information that may be crucial to the success and competitiveness of your company.

Can the template be modified?

This NDA is a template. You are free to modify it to suit your buyout, takeover or sale operations as closely as possible. This model is completely adjustable… Its sole aim is to save you time and facilitate the rapprochement between absorbing and absorbed companies.

What are the advantages of a confidentiality agreement for M&A?

Mergers and acquisitions are a popular strategy for business growth, but they can be complicated transactions involving sensitive information. To protect the parties involved, it’s important to use a confidentiality agreement. This document is designed to protect confidential information shared during M&A negotiations from unauthorized disclosure or misuse.

The purpose of a confidentiality agreement is to ensure that sensitive financial and proprietary information shared between parties during M&A negotiations remains protected. When concluding an M&A transaction, both parties usually exchange confidential information such as financial statements (sales, cash flow, liabilities, assets, etc.), customer lists and other proprietary data. A confidentiality agreement ensures that this data is not disclosed to third parties or used inappropriately.

Confidentiality agreements usually include provisions prohibiting one party from disclosing confidential information without the consent of the other. This allows both parties to share sensitive details openly without fear of disclosure or misuse. The agreement also outlines the specific circumstances in which one party may disclose confidential information to third parties such as lenders and advisors, and the restrictions placed on such disclosures.

In addition, confidentiality agreements provide clear legal remedies in the event of unauthorized disclosure or misuse of confidential information. Breach of a confidentiality agreement can result in substantial financial penalties, or even criminal prosecution, depending on the seriousness of the breach and the applicable laws. These consequences are a strong incentive for both parties to respect their obligations under the agreement, and to ensure the security of all shared information at all times.

When dealing with competitors, confidentiality agreements can play an important role in preventing the leakage of such sensitive information. Companies can agree with their competitors not to share certain information.

It is important to note, however, that confidentiality agreements are only valid if the protected information is genuinely confidential and there is a legitimate interest in protecting it. Agreements must also comply with antitrust and competition laws, which prohibit agreements that unjustifiably restrict competition.

In addition, you can use our model for both local and international acquisitions.

In conclusion, a confidentiality agreement is essential in M&A transactions because of its ability to protect sensitive information and provide legal recourse if either party fails to meet its obligations under the document. The use of this document enables both parties to discuss sensitive details openly, while ensuring that they remain secure at all times during the transaction process.

When should a confidentiality agreement be signed?

A confidentiality agreement can be signed at any time when there is a legitimate concern to protect confidential and sensitive information. In the case of a merger or acquisition project, it is preferable to sign this confidentiality clause before starting negotiations with a target company, in order to guarantee that certain information will not be revealed.

What are the terms of a confidentiality agreement?

The terms of a confidentiality agreement can vary considerably from one company to another, depending on the type of confidential information to be protected and the length of time it must remain protected. Generally speaking all confidentiality agreements include certain standard provisions, such as the definition of confidential items, the duration of the agreement’s validity, responsibilities for protecting confidential data, penalties for unauthorized disclosure, a prohibition on using disclosed items for personal purposes, and a provision allowing either party to terminate the contract at any time if they suspect breaches.

Is a confidentiality agreement only useful from a legal point of view? 

In addition to providing legal protection during negotiations and transactions involving sensitive corporate data, confidentiality agreements can also be useful in dissuading potential disputes over property rights and protecting any sensitive personal information that may need to be shared between the parties involved in a transaction. In addition, clear language describing the obligations of each party helps to clarify expectations, helping both parties to understand what is expected of them. This allows them to concentrate on working together effectively, rather than worrying about possible security breaches due to miscommunication or the omission of important details concerning their agreement.

Advantages of signing a confidentiality agreement:

The main advantage of signing a confidentiality agreement is that it offers legal protection to each party involved in the deal. By signing such an agreement, all parties can be assured that confidential information shared between them will remain safe from unauthorized access or misuse. This means that each party can be confident in its ability to use this information without fear of being exposed or exploited by another party. In addition, this type of agreement helps to create a climate of trust between the parties, as any breach of the terms of the contract carries consequences. As a result, companies can enter into commercial agreements in complete security, without fear of their intellectual property being stolen or misused.

Confidentiality agreements also offer flexibility when it comes to determining the level of security required for specific transactions or operations. For example, if an organization wishes to keep certain aspects of its processes private, it can include certain clauses in its agreement that limit access to only those people who need to know that information. In addition, such agreements can offer extra protection against potential competitors by ensuring that no sensitive details are revealed until they are ready to be made public. Finally, confidentiality agreements also help to protect trade secrets in negotiations with outside parties such as investors or customers, by keeping them away from those who might attempt to use the information inappropriately or maliciously. 

 Risks associated with signing a confidentiality agreement :

Although a confidentiality agreement has many advantages, it also entails certain risks that should be considered before signing. One risk associated with signing such an agreement is that if either party breaches the terms of the contract, legal repercussions may follow, leading to costly legal fees and potential damages against the person or company involved in the breach, if applicable laws have been broken.

It is also important to bear in mind that a confidentiality agreement does not guarantee that the information is true, and is no substitute for a due diligence audit. Due diligence is required for mergers and acquisitions, company disposals and shareholdings. Its aim is to reduce the risks associated with inconsistent balance sheets, cash flow problems, excessive selling prices, etc. when acquiring a company. It therefore complements the confidentiality agreement, but in no way detracts from it.